Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes from the genus Schistosoma. There are three species of the parasite, which are passed from person to person via small larvae called cercariae released from snails in freshwater. The disease is common in South America, Africa, the Middle East, Cambodia, Laos, China, Philippines and Indonesia.
QIMR Berghofer researchers work with Schistosoma mansoni which is prevalent in Africa and South America and Schistosoma japonicum which occurs in China and the Philippines.
There are over 200 million people with the disease worldwide1 contributing to several hundreds of thousands of deaths across 76 nations.
Control of schistosomiasis is based on drug treatment, snail control, improved sanitation and health education. Vaccines and sensitive diagnostics are urgently required.