If mosquitoes are a problem in your area, there are many ways you can protect yourself from bites:
- Avoid outdoor activities at dawn or dusk - mosquitoes are most active during these times of day.
- Install well-maintained mesh flyscreens on your doors and windows to prevent mosquitoes from coming inside your home.
- Wear long sleeves and long pants to minimise access to your skin.
- Use repellents. Products containing DEET, picardin or extract of lemon eucalyptus are the most effective mosquito repellents. Products containing at least 25 % DEET or 10-20 % picaridin will safeguard you for three to four hours, while products containing extract of lemon eucalyptus are effective for at least two hours.
- Burn mosquito coils and candles containing synthetic pyrethroid insecticides in outdoor areas. These offer some protection when you are at a close distance (within a few metres).
- Other measures like sound-emitting devices, eating garlic, eating vitamin B, and wearing mosquito repellent wristbands exist, but we don't yet have evidence that they work.
Avoid mosquito-prone areas
Some areas are more prone to mosquitoes than others. One of the major biting pests in Queensland, Aedes vigilax, breeds in coastal marshes and near mangrove swamps. Keep this in mind when you choose a location to buy or lease a residence or when you plan outdoor recreational activities. Planning ahead may prevent a substantial amount of biting.
reduce backyard breeding
Protect yourself and your community from mosquitoes by ensuring mosquitoes do not breed on your property:
- Reduce water holding vegetation (e.g. bromeliads, palm fronds) in your garden.
- Dispose of old containers or outdoor items that may collect rain water.
- Empty away any sources of stagnant water.
- Refresh and refill permanent water-holding sources such as pet drinking bowls and bird baths.