20082009 Research highlights

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  • Donor antigen presenting cells found to cause graft-versus-host disease in bone marrow transplant patients.
  • The genetic risk of schizophrenia found to be the result of thousands of common genetic variations common to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. 
  • Identified four new arboviruses from Antarctica.
  • Mapped the major chromosomes of Giardia duodenali, a common parasite that is often contracted from untreated water sources causing diarrhoea and vomiting.
  • Mapped the genome of Schistosoma japonicum, the first flatworm to be mapped.
  • Mitigated dengue risk in areas in southern Vietnam through the use of community-based, biological control interventions to control the number of dengue-spreading mosquito larvae.
  • Showed that the bacteria Wolbachia effectively shortens the life cycle of the mosquito Aedes aegypti, preventing it from spreading dengue fever.
  • Identified elevated serum hyaluronic acid levels as a new diagnostic marker for the detection of cirrhosis in patients with haemochromatosis, removing the need for liver biopsy in 60 percent of patients.